Clock-watch[ edit ] The earliest dated watch known once belonged to Philip Melanchthon and is now in the Walters Art Museum , Baltimore The first timepieces to be worn, made in the 16th century beginning in the German cities of Nuremberg and Augsburg , were transitional in size between clocks and watches. Nuremberg clockmaker Peter Henlein or Henle or Hele is often credited as the inventor of the watch. He shapes many-wheeled clocks out of small bits of iron, which run and chime the hours without weights for forty hours, whether carried at the breast or in a handbag However, other German clockmakers were creating miniature timepieces during this period, and there is no evidence Henlein was the first. They were heavy drum-shaped cylindrical brass boxes several inches in diameter, engraved and ornamented. They had only an hour hand. The face was not covered with glass, but usually had a hinged brass cover, often decoratively pierced with grillwork so the time could be read without opening. The movement was made of iron or steel and held together with tapered pins and wedges, until screws began to be used after Many of the movements included striking or alarm mechanisms. They usually had to be wound twice a day. The shape later evolved into a rounded form; these were later called Nuremberg eggs.
Best of Scotland: Five Destinations for History Buffs
Villa Demidoff Castello Fortezza of Scarperia Palazzo dei Vicari Scarperia is one of the most interesting historic centres in the Mugello zone, the Apennine passes of which connect it to Bologna and the region of Emilia-Romagna. There has also been a revival of the art of hand-made knives, once a major industry here. Florence defeated the Ubaldini, the ancient feudal lords of the Mugello district, and on 18 July ordered the construction of a new fortress, Castel S.
Coro Jewelry History and Marks CORO/COHN AND ROSENBERGER c. Coro jewelry, Cohn & Rosenberger, was founded in New York by Emanuel Cohn & Carl Rosenberger in / & incorporated in
Introduction Considered to be decorative art , jewellery is one of the oldest categories of precious metalwork. There are many different types of jewellery, including: Such decorative adornments were first made in prehistoric times – as confirmed by cave paintings showing figures wearing necklaces and bracelets – and have since become a regular feature of most cultures throughout the ages.
An important type of Egyptian art as well as the more nomadic Celtic culture , jewellery was a feature of Byzantine art in Medieval Kiev, African art throughout the Dark Continent, Oceanic art across the Pacific and both Aztec and Inca culture in the Americas. Indeed, jewellery – like body painting and face painting – has been a fundamental element of tribal art for millennia.
Jewels have also been used to adorn weapons, as well as ceremonial and religious objects. During the era of modern art, movements like Art Nouveau and the later Art Deco , inspired new ranges of decorative jewels, while a number of famous artists dabbled in jewellery design including: Jewellery Materials One of the most expensive types of art , the basic components of jewellery include metal sheet, metal cast in a mold, and wire.
The most widely used metal is gold, because of its malleability, ductility, colour and value. Gold sheets may be embossed into shape, or pressed or pierced into decorative forms, while gold wire is often employed to join jewels together or to make chains. Less expensive precious metals used in jewellery-making include silver and platinum, as well as alloys like bronze, and non-precious metals like copper and steel.
As well as metals, other materials used in the art of jewellery manufacture include precious and semi-precious gemstones. Diamonds are traditionally the most highly prized gems, and vary in colour from yellow to bluish white. Pearls, though of animal origin rather than mineral, are also regarded as gemstones.
Crimes[ edit ] Payne’s career as an international jewel thief spans six decades, with a criminal record dating back to Her modus operandi is to enter jewelry stores posing as a well-to-do woman, typically looking for a diamond ring. Using her charm, she would engage the clerk, asking to see an assortment of items. Eventually, she would “cause the clerk to forget” just how many items were outside the case; and, at some point, she would leave with one or two pieces.
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Sociology This paper was written by Ty Narada for Dr. Kosso Cosmetics have been used for as long as there have been people to use them. Face painting is mentioned in the Old Testament Ezekiel Keville, Green Since the Egyptians, each subsequent civilization invented unique words that referred to cosmetics and fragrance as one science, but the science eroded after Rome. Anthropologists speculate that primitive perfumery began with the burning of gums and resins for incense.
Richly scented plants were fused into animal and vegetable oils for ceremonial anointings and for pleasure. From 7, to 4, BC, the fatty oils of olive and sesame were combined with fragrant plants to create the original Neolithic ointments. When the Egyptians were learning to write and make bricks in 3, BC, they were also importing large quantities of myrrh.
The earliest recorded items of Egyptian commerce included spices, gums and other fragrant plants that were reserved mainly for religious use. Dyes and paints were used to color the skin, body and hair. They rouged their lips and cheeks, stained their nails with henna, and lined their eyes and eyebrows heavily with kohl.
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Brown, formerly dyed pink Powers Jessica Jones possesses superhuman strength; the parameters of her strength are unrevealed, but she can lift an automobile with no discernible effort. She possesses an enhanced level of resistance to physical injury, although she is unsure of whether or not she is bulletproof. She is also able to fly, although she is out of practice in doing so. She was on a trip to Disney World with her family when her father, distracted by the backseat quarrel of her and her brother, lost control of their car in an accident with an army truck transporting unidentified experimental material, possibly radioactive, to which Jessica was exposed in the course of the accident.
Her father, mother, and brother were killed, and Jessica sustained injuries that put her in a coma for months. While the Fantastic Four clashed with Galactus outside her hospital window, Jessica awoke from her coma; she was placed in a home for wayward children and later adopted by a family named Jones, whose name she took.
The Jewel Tea Company began in Chicago, later moving to Barrington, Illinois in and sold household products through salesmen traveling the country from to The company supplied housewives with everything from baking powder and other grocery items to cleaning supplies, linens, cookware and china.
Scotch whisky sales plummet after Government hikes tax on spirits It is a rain-lashed place where high winds can whip the sea into ferocious waves that thrash the rocks. But on a sunny day, the clear waters and sandy coves mean the white beaches could be mistaken for those of the Caribbean. Though not the largest, Islay is further south than the other large islands and is therefore well placed to enjoy the warming effect of the transatlantic Gulf Stream, keeping it mild while the Highlands freeze.
This fortunate geography and climate meant that between the 10th and early 15th centuries, Islay became an administrative centre that rivalled Edinburgh and Glasgow. The good crops and booming population also made the island a natural location for early whisky distillation. The island currently has eight distilleries and some of the biggest names are directly linked to illicit early production. There are few trees on Islay and much of the ground is bog land.
But lack of wood has never been an insurmountable problem over the centuries, despite the fuel requirements of thousands of inhabitants. Islay is so wet the island never really dries. Throughout the year, like much of Scotland, the abundant grasses, mosses and shrubs live and die in perpetual bog.
Our Story It all started in Shaw opened his first store in Portland, Maine. A few years later, another native New Englander, Maynard A.
Jewel was homeless at the time she got her record deal, and she says sexual harassment is what put her on the streets. Back when she was just starting her career by singing in bars and coffee.
Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours A jewel of history and heritage For over years, the Chapel of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours, a jewel of history and heritage, has made its way into the hearts of generations of visitors and pilgrims. This is the chapel of , built over the ruins of the first stone chapel of pilgrimage whose foundations were recently uncovered. This is the site where officers of the British regime considered setting up barracks to house the military.
This is the silent witness to the faith of Montrealers who rebuilt a chapel when it seemed impossible. One shows Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, founder of Montreal, who donated the land for the original chapel. In , she rallied the colonists to build a chapel of pilgrimage outside the settlement, a stone chapel finally erected in After a second trip back to France in , Marguerite returned with the wooden statuette of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours for the chapel, the one in the reliquary on the left side-altar.
Along with the chapel, the little statue has an interesting history. Possibly the most spectacular moment for both was that fateful day in when fire ravaged the first chapel, and the statue and its reliquary were found intact among the smoldering embers. Cradle of the English-speaking Catholic community After the fall of Montreal six years later, the British garrison included Irish and Scottish families who attended services at Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours.
Jewellery Art: History, Techniques of Goldsmithery
Plastic and pictorial iconography—painting, sculpture, mosaic—also offer abundant testimony to the jewelry worn in various eras. It is probable that prehistoric humans thought of decorating the body before they thought of making use of anything that could suggest clothing. Before precious metals were discovered, people who lived along the seashore decorated themselves with a great variety of shells, fishbones, fish teeth, and coloured pebbles.
Welcome to the beauty, history and art that is vintage jewelry. We buy and sell vintage rhinestone, costume, designer, bakelite, and antique Georgian & Victorian jewelry, sterling, and accessories. To be alerted when NEW ITEMS are added to the site, please e-mail [email protected] and we will be glad to add you to the contact list.
October 15, by Keith Savage Last week I kicked off a new series on Traveling Savage highlighting the best Scotland has to offer visitors. This was a tough list to put together since Scotland is a country with a deep sense of history that spans many eras. From neolithic hunter-gatherers pre-dating the Great Pyramids, through the Iron Age and Dark Ages fraught with battles between Picts and Romans, into the medieval splendor of castles and fortified tower houses, and right on past the Scottish Enlightenment and pre-Industrial era, Scotland has it all.
In Scotland, history buffs are spoiled for choice. I hope all of you give me more recommendations that fit the history-buff mold so I can track them down on my future trips to Scotland. Ready for the top five? The history is so powerful here that it veritably rips apart the earth, and there are more than a half dozen sites of intense historical interest to prove it.
Skara Brae , a wonderfully-preserved neolithic village, might be the most awe-inspiring of them all. This area, known collectively as the Ness of Brodgar, is the site of some of the most important and exciting archaeological research as recent findings indicate these sites are part of a larger religious and ceremonial complex as yet unearthed. Edinburgh Edinburgh is such an easy choice for this list since you feel like part of a different era just walking along its cobbled streets.
Edinburgh also has plenty of less obvious but equally compelling historical sites. Take for instance Dean Village , an old grain milling village within the city of Edinburgh that time seems to have forgotten. The chapel is a stunning work of masonry and architectural vision overflowing with allegories, stories, and occult references etched onto every available stone surface.
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Early on, the Foundation collected mostly British and French portraits of the 18th and 19th centuries. By the time Mr. Kimbell left his estate to the Foundation, charging it with the creation of a museum. With the appointment in of Richard F. To that end, under the leadership of its President, Mr.
So far, Jewel Inc. has partnered with online retailer Zappos to create the pilot program, which will offer a digital tool kit to Zappos employees — “like a whole university,” Jewel says — with.
Syllabub Syllabub belongs to the English family of creamy dessert beverages combining dairy products and sweet wine. Originally a holiday beverage, syllabub invited many interesting variations based on viscosity and application. Dessert syllabubs , akin to trifle, flourished in the early 20th century. Its defining characteristic is the mixing of white wine or cider or fruit juice with sweetened cream, so curdling the cream, but from earliest times it has diverged into two basic types: The former was made with thicker cream, often reinforced by beaten egg whites, the latter with single cream or even milk, sometimes introduced directly from the cow’s udder into a bowl containing the wine and other ingredients.
Both sorts remained very popular until the mid-nineteenth century As for the name syllabub, that remains a complete mystery. Early spellings include solybubbe, sullabub, selybube, and even sillibouk, and probably it was originally just a fanciful meaningless coinage. Syllbub became the main form around , probably due to the influence of the word syllable.
The agitating is accomplished by methods varying from milking directly from the cow into a bowl of rich cream and wine to the use of a charming ‘syllabub churn,’ and ingenious device that produces a fine long-lasting froth.